Seagoing Bulk Carriers: Purpose and General Use
There are numerous risks that can be encountered while operating seagoing bulk vessels. It is essential to plan carefully and be vigilant in all matters pertaining to shipboards. This website will offer quick guidance to the international shipping community and information regarding loading and discharging various bulk cargo types. It is important to remain within the limitations set out by the classification organisation. It is crucial to limit the chance of stressing the vessel's structure and follow all safety precautions for the safety of sea travel. Our detail pages cover various aspects of bulk carriers that may be interesting to people working aboard or at the terminal.
General features of seagoing bulk carrier
Bulk carriers, also known as single-deck vessels that have top-side tanks or hopper side tanks within cargo space, are designed to transport bulk cargo from a single commodity. Solid bulk cargo means any material, other than gas or liquid, consisting of a combination of particles, granules or any other large chunk of material that is generally uniform in composition, which is directly loaded into the space of the ship's cargo compartments without any immediate form of containerization. The most common examples of dry cargo are grain, sugar and ores in bulk. In its broadest sense, the term bulk carrier embraces all ships designed primarily for the carriage of liquid or solid cargo in bulk form which includes tankers. The term bulk carrier is used in normal usage to refer to vessels specifically designed to carry bulk solid cargoes. These include grain, similar agricultural products, and minerals such as coal, ore and stone on some or all of the voyage legs. Have a look at this handymax bulk carrier site for more.
What Exactly Is Bulk Carrier?
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
-Carrying weights range from 3,000 tonnes up to 300,000.
-Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium-sized bulk transporters with a carrying capacity of up to 40,000 tonnes come with cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels have dock-based facilities to load and unloading.
-Cargo holds that are large do not have obstructions, and are bigger hatch sizes for ease of loading/unloading.
The bulk carriers typically have one ballast hold. This can be used in ballast voyages to increase stability. One or two more holds may be permissible for ballasting partial in port, but only for a limited time.
They can be covered by single pull or hydraulic, or stacking (piggyback) type steel hatch covers
Quatre types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballast for peak and after peak water tank.
Bulk cargo that is solid? Any other than gas or liquid material that is composed of a mixture of particles and granules. It is able to be brought directly into cargo areas without any intermediary storage. Bulk carriers can transport a variety of cargoes, comprising "clean" foodtuffs and "dirty", minerals, as well as cargoes that could react one with the other or with other sources of contamination, such as water. It is essential to ensure that cargo spaces are prepared for each item. It is crucial to clean the cargo spaces in order to load it. Surveyors are typically required to ensure that the space is ready to be loaded. To prevent contamination, it is essential to remove any remnants of a previous cargo. Water is the primary reason for damage to bulk cargoes. Therefore, it is crucial that storage areas are dry in order to receive cargo. Hatch covers must be watertight to prevent water from entering. All fittings (ladders or pipe guards, as well as bilge covers) in the hold should be checked. are to be checked to ensure that they're in good shape and securely fitted. The equipment could cause damage to conveyor belts and result in delays. The ship may be held responsible if they are discharged in error with cargo. Click over to this supramax bulk carrier info for more.
Bulk Carrier Bulk Carrier Bulker Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that can carry dry cargo. It's not meant to be a liquid bulk tanker or carrier. Bulk carriers that are conventionally constructed with a single deck, single skin, double bottom, and hopper side tank. Topside tanks that are located in cargo areas are also available. Bulk carriers can load any bulk cargo that is light or heavy grain up to their maximum deadweight. The loading, carriage, and final discharge of bulk dry cargo are not as straightforward or easy as many people believe.
Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes are characterized by dangerous properties, and they can alter their properties during transit. An incorrect loading can easily cause damage to a vessel. If a ship isn't fully loaded could be bent if you load it too high. This ?stress? could result in dangers to life at sea, especially during bad weather. Last cargoes could be negatively impacted by the residues of earlier cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes may be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It can be difficult to confirm cargoes being loaded or discharged. All these factors can have an impact on the methods of operation for the safe carriage of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? conveyor belts or similar systems aren't controlled and supervised the bulk cargoes make an elongated cone. The angle that is created by the cone is referred to as the angle of repose. It differs from cargo to cargo. Cargoes like iron ore can form a steeply angled cone. But, cargoes that flow freely may make a shallow angle cone. A cargo that has a low angle of repose is at risk of potential to shift during passage. Bulldozers might need to be used for some items to distribute the load across the sides of the container as the cargo is close to completion. Many dry-bulk carriers are dependent on shoreside facilities for cargo loading/discharge. However bulk carriers could offer self-unloading with conveyors in the cargo hold or on deck.
Войди чтобы зайти в темы форума
1 сообщение • Страница 1 из 1
Кто сейчас на конференции
Сейчас этот форум просматривают: нет зарегистрированных пользователей и 2 гостя